3 Typical Types of Maple Trees in Oregon


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The northwestern part of the United States is no stranger to trees of all types, and Oregon is no different. One of the things that makes the state unique is that there are not only a lot of trees there, but you can also find trees that you won’t find anywhere else in the country. For now, let’s talk about the typical kinds of maple in Oregon.

The main trees in Oregon are the pine, fir, and maple. Maple trees are sturdy and have a stately look because they are both tall and wide. Their leaves are well-loved in the fall when they turn colors such as red, yellow, and orange, and if you’re looking for the perfect shade tree, the maple tree is certainly one to consider.

Making sure you find the right maple tree is easy with a little assistance, and below you’ll find details about all three of the maple tree types in the state of Oregon. Between this information and your online resources, you should be able to find a great maple tree in the end, whether you want it for your yard or for a public park or garden.

1. Bigleaf Maple (acer macrophyllum)

Bigleaf Maple acer macrophyllum
Joe Nicholson, Bugwood.org Bigleaf Maple (acer macrophyllum)

Also called the Oregon maple, this maple tree typically grows to around 50 to 65 feet tall, although it can occasionally get as large as 157-feet in height. It is native to the western part of the United States, including the Pacific Coast, and even into the southernmost part of Alaska.

When you learn of the uses for its wood, you might be a little surprised because the Bigleaf maple wood can be used for everything from salad bowls to furniture and pianos to numerous stringed instruments. The wood itself is fine-grained, heavy, and reddish-brown in color.

2. Rocky Mountain Maple (acer glabrum)

The Rocky Mountain maple is native to the western part of the United States and usually gets to around 30-feet high. The tree has a trunk that is roughly 8 to 11 inches in diameter, and the leaves are four-inches long and have three lobes. In addition, there are four to six varieties of Rocky Mountain maple, and this includes the Green, Torrey, and Douglas maple trees.

The Rocky Mountain maple tree’s wood is used mostly as a consumable product. Various tribes have used it for treatments of things such as diarrhea and edema, and the foliage is eaten by animals such as cattle, sheep, and game animals.

3. Vine Maple (acer circinatum)

Most often, the Vine maple tree is grown as a shrub and, therefore, it gets to roughly 25-feet in height, sometimes shorter. If grown as a tree, it can get up to nearly 60-feet high, and it grows well when planted right above sea level up to roughly 4,900-feet, so it is even able to do well in certain mountainous areas.

The leaves themselves have 7 to 11 lobes and are almost circular in design. Also, because the tree bends easily, it will occasionally bend all the way down to the ground, where it sometimes grows another root system underneath. As far as its purpose, it is used mostly as a food source for animals such as different birds and mammals.

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